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Addiction Treatment

How Medications Help Addiction Treatment


To reduce the possibility of relapsing and to ease withdrawal symptoms, the use of other drugs during the treatment process has become quite common. Medicine can make it painless for recovering addicts to keep in sobriety. Many recovering addicts are unable to bear the severity of withdrawal symptoms and this makes many of them relapse. In many inpatient and outpatient treatment centres, medications are part of the addiction treatment program. The adjustment of dosage in treatment is only made for user to achieve proper soberness.


These medicines can ease withdrawal side effects and desires.


Detoxing And Withdrawal

The body must detox in the first stages of rehab to allow the drug to leave the body completely. This is known as the detoxification time. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.

The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. Depending on the patient's past drug or alcohol use the withdrawal symptoms will vary. The worst symptoms will be felt by those who have been taking high doses of the drug for a long duration.


The Former addicts face some irritating side effects during detox. Some of these are:

  • Stress
  • Intense sadness
  • Feeling sick
  • Uncontrollable shaking
  • Body pains
  • Excessive perspiration

Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. Many of the drugs that doctors use in detoxification are:

  • Benzodiazepines
  • Anxiety and crabbiness can be decrease by these medicines.
  • Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
  • The recommended Benzos give a soothing feeling that helps withdrawal also from alcohol.
  • Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
  • Antidepressants
  • A brain that has been addicted to drugs is not able to produce the chemicals that give pleasant feelings on its own.
  • People recovering from drug addiction tend to suffer from depression since their brains can't produce dopamine normally.
  • To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
  • Clonidine
  • Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
  • Seizures and tremors can also be treated using Clonidine.

Detoxing can be a deadly business, especially if from alcohol, Valium or Xanax so addicts should never go cold turkey. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. Detox should be carried out with medical help from professionals.

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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction

Making wrong use of alcohol on a normal basis for a long-term can extend withdrawal side effects, which could last from weeks to months. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).

Maintenance treatment can alleviate PAWS and can curb cravings or make the addict incapable to take alcohol. These medicines frequently come as a capsule that patients take every day.


Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are:

  • Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
  • The brain receptors that produce pleasurable effects in the presence of alcohol are blocked by Naltrexone.
  • Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
  • In some cases, Naltrexone is known to cause vomiting and migraines.
  • It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
  • Acamprosate (Campral)
  • Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
  • Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
  • Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
  • Disulfiram (Antabuse)
  • Among the drugs approved for treating alcoholism Disulfiram was the first one.
  • Disulfiram can result into some side effects of vomiting and sickness if anyone takes Disulfiram drinks.
  • It was hoped that the fact that taking alcohol would make them sick would prevent the recovering addicts from drinking.

Get more information about medical help for alcohol addiction.


Heroin And Opiate Medications

Heroin, Morphine and narcotic painkillers like Oxycontin are all Opiates. Medication for Opiates and Heroin can ease the urges and craving and other withdrawal symptoms during detox. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.

Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Long-term withdrawal symptoms may also be experienced by others. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. PAWS and cravings can be stopped by long-term medications. Medication can be taken for as long as is required by the patient.

Medication for Heroin and painkillers are as follows:

  • Methadone
  • An Opioid, Methadone is used to help with detoxification from opiate drug dependencies.
  • Methadone links to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers but without the high.
  • This drug suppressing the craving and withdrawal symptoms.
  • Discretion and care are needed because some people have been known to develop an addiction to Methadone.
  • The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
  • Get further information about Methadone.
  • Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
  • Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
  • Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
  • Naltrexone
  • Naltrexone works for both Opiate addiction and alcohol addiction.
  • It prevents the cravings for use.
  • Some of the brain receptors activated by alcohol and opiates are the same and this is why this drug works for both addictions.

Treatment Centres And Medical Detoxification

It is possible to detox at home. Detoxing with no medical supervision, it is difficult as well as risky. The best way to successfully recover is to undergo medical detoxification which is done in a safe environment. Alcohol and benzos addictions detox can only work in a medical environment.

Treatment for any substance addiction should start with medically supervised detoxification.

Health problems can be dealt with quickly when in a rehab centre. The patient's vital signs and fluid levels can be monitored by a doctor. Doctors assist alleviate any pain the patient can be passing through. Doctors adjust the medication for long-term program and as per the need of patients.

Other health problems can make detox more complex, therefore, medical detox should be sought. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Any sudden complications can be handled by a doctor.

Detoxification is frequently a segment of inpatient rehabilitations. A person typically requires one to three months to go through detox. The patient is placed under consistent monitoring and observation the first week of rehab which is very crucial. Rehab includes behavioural therapy to give the patient a better chance to understand how they can stay sober.

Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.