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Indications

Symptoms And Signs Of Dependency

A sign is something other people, like a doctor, notice while a symptom is something that the patient describes. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.

Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. They keep taking it, despite the fact that it might bring about mischief (the individual could conceivably know about the potential damage).


Uncontrollable urge could be occasioned by dependence on a substance. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.


The clues and indicators that someone is addicted differ from one person to the other, depend on the drug, the genes of the individual and status in life.

The clues and indicators of addiction could be that:

  • Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Other signs are an uncontrollable need to take the drug, short temper, irritability, short temper, loss of concentration, hopelessness, lack of purpose, annoyance, rage, offense, and animosity.
  • There may be abruptly increased craving. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. Depending on the substance, withdrawal might also cause violence, tremors, seizures, hallucinations, and sweating.
  • Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
  • Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. To give an example, an alcoholic might decline an invitation to spend a day on a boat or to go camping when no alcohol is at hand, a smoker might choose not to meet with friends in a pub/restaurant that prohibits smoking.
  • Keeping a good supply - the person always makes sure they have access to the substance, even if they don't have a lot of money. To ensure that the substance is as abundant as possible, sacrifices may be made to the household's budget.
  • Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
  • Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
  • Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
  • Obsession - someone who is addicted will continue to focus more and more time and energy on getting access to their substance.
  • Introversion and isolation - The addict may become secretive and want to isolate themselves from people.
  • Denial - majority of the present day addicts do not accept that they have a problem. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
  • Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The result can be shutdowns (can't recall hunks of time) or physical manifestations, for example, a sore throat and awful cough (irresistible chain-smokers).
  • Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Chain smokers might not be strong anymore to participate in sports they once enjoyed.
  • Having stashes - hiding some portions of the abused substance in the car or some place in the house may become the case for some persons.
  • Taking a large initial dose - this is usually a problem with alcohol addiction. The person my down drinks in an attempt to become intoxicated and then feel great.
  • Clashing with the law - this is more typical of certain alcohol and drug dependencies (e.g. not nicotine). The fact that this alters their judgment and makes them to choose things they would rather not choose in times of sobriety or the urge to access such substances may be the cause of this.
  • Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. Even cigarettes that in certain places, like the United Kingdom, regions of Europe and the United States of America cost more than '11 just for a packet of twenty cigarettes - someone who smokes 40 a day in such a place will have to spend '660 per month, almost '8,000 annually.
  • Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.

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Some people who abuse drugs or alcohol might not be technically addicted but can still suffer the effects mentioned here but do not usually suffer from withdrawal symptoms or have the same obsession to use the substance.