The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The strong connection between crime and addiction to alcohol has been one of the main issues in society in recent times.
Up to 80% of the crimes that lead to jail terms in the UK, including offenses against public order, drug offenses, property offenses, domestic violence and drunk-driving has been linked to the abuse of drug and alcohol.
Because of the part alcoholism and drug addiction has played, the country's number of inmates has skyrocketed way above normal capacity.
37 percent of nearly two million convicts who are in jail say that they were consuming alcohol when they were arrested, as reported by the Ministry of Justice, and 40 percent of the law violations committed today, alcohol played a part in it.
It was discovered that law violations that involved the use of violence, such as sexual assault, domestic abuse, physical attacks, and homicides, involved alcohol in some way when compared to any other illicit substance. An alcohol use related statistics of aggressive offenders shows that an average of all assaults and homicides takes place when the victim, offender, or both have been drinking, in about 3 million fierce offences that occur yearly in which the victims notice the offender to have been drinking. The law breaker was probably consuming alcohol than any other illicit substance in case that involve violence, apart from robberies.
When the offender and offended know one other, alcohol is usually involved when violence breaks out between them. While, only about 31% of attacks from distant people are related to alcohol, more than 2/3 of cases of attack by loved ones including current and ex boyfriend, girlfriend, and spouse are due to alcohol abuse. On top of the 118,000 commotions that happen between family members and the 744,000 other commotions between acquaintances, about 500,000 commotions among fellow prisoners involve someone who has been consuming alcohol as well.
Understanding the relationship between alcohol and crime is not easy and one of the main debates is whether the drugs are the main reason behind the crimes or if people who use drugs are already likely to participate in criminal activities.
Majority of the people nabbed in different crimes do not use drugs, while most of the drug addicts do not engage in other criminal activities. The previous criminal activities can be prolonged and increased due to the direct and high relationship between drugs and crime at the most extreme level of drug use.
The types of drug related crimes are three in number:
People with a medication addiction become scapegoats and are usually captured for rapacious violations like thievery or shop burglary, or for theft and keeping and safeguarding stolen merchandise. Such wrongdoings are commonly known to be those "feeding the habbit." 17% convicts admitted to commit crimes to get money for drugs, 2004 crime rate conducted survey revealed. Commercial sex industry has strong associations to women, men and children who abuse drugs to get by in the market despite the government ban and penalties on suspected drug dealers and users among them. Evidence is available that the use of drugs was both a pre-determining factor within the sexual exploitation and as a means to cope with it.
The number of people arrested for driving while intoxicated [DWI] exceeds a figure of more than 1 million, and these are the third most commonly reported crimes within the UK. The number-one cause of death, injury and disability among young people under the age of 21 is primarily because of drinking, and under the influence of drugs and approximately 40% of all traffic fatalities are related to the consumption of alcohol. Car accidents involving someone driving while intoxicated kill about 36 people and injured 700 others daily. 18% of deaths from car crashes involve the use of some other drug (such as cocaine or marijuana) usually used concurrently with alcohol.
During 2007 National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, drug testing, one out of eight weekend night time drivers tested positive to hard drugs. Also, roughly one in eight secondary school seniors reacting to a recent report, admitted that they were driving while smoking cannabis in the previous two weeks before the survey was conducted
A number of prescription drugs which included opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines, which are advised for anxiety or sleep disorders and carry warnings against operating machinery or vehicles of any kind for a specified period of time after using the medication. Abusing prescription drugs by taking them without a prescription makes it more likely that impaired driving or other harmful actions will occur.
Of children and teenagers arrested in the juvenile justice systems, four out of five of them are on drugs or alcohol at the time of the crime, have a positive drug test, get arrested for a drug or alcohol related offense, admit that they have a substance abuse problem, or have some combination of these.
Of 2.4 million total juvenile arrests, 1.9 million had substance abuse or addiction involvement but only 68,600 of these received treatment for their substance abuse problem.
Assailants had been consuming alcohol in three-fourths of the reported cases that involved spousal abuse.
In a 1999 study, assaults that had happened within the previous twelve months to women by their partners reported significantly higher problems with health and substance abuse. 33% of women coping with physical violence reported drug and alcohol problems, as opposed to just 16% of those who did not experience violence.
Abusive behavior at home additionally affects other relatives. A study which was conducted in the UKrevealed that children who witnessed the abuse of their maternal caregiver were 50% likelier to abuse drugs and/or alcohol.
Alcohol played a role in nearly 55% of the cases involving victims of domestic violence while the percentage for drugs was just 9% while in the case of spousal violence, it has been noted that alcohol is the major contributor within 65% of the crimes while drugs have contributed only 5%.
No reported child abuse cases are distinctively tied to alcohol abuse, however, numerous aspects are known to influence and lead to child molestation. There's a higher chance a child will be abused when parental stress increases and pressures on the family, drug and alcohol abuse, and social isolation can all contribute. Alcohol consumption is reported by four out ten people who abuse children.
More than half of the detainees require compulsory treatment for medication manhandle and addiciton but then less than 20 percent who require treatment get it.
Preventing future crime and re-arrest after a discharge is extremely likely without treatment for addiction and this is a reality for many in the criminal-justice system. Roughly 95% of detainees come back to liquor and medication use after discharge from jail, and 60 - 80% of medication abusers carry out another wrongdoing (regularly a medication driven wrongdoing) after discharge from jail.
To break this cycle for those criminals with drug and alcohol problems, treatment is the best option. Treatment is the safest way people struggling with drug addiction stand to benefit and it research shows recovery is real. Research has moreover, proven that the decline in substance abuse in addition leads to a decline in criminal behaviour. People should be able to get help when they need it, even in jail or prison.
Treatment can also save money. One research which was conducted earlier revealed that for every dollar spent for the treatment for substance abuse lead to savings of about '5.60 because of fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, fewer child welfare and medical costs. As the criminal conduct diminishes as liquor and medication utilize diminish, it also go a long way in saving tax money through proper medication counteractive action and treatment.